This is a very common question, and most design companies and publications have an article on this exact topic. To keep things concise and focus on the job responsibility lens.
Generally speaking, the requirements to even start applying for a job in UX are: Resume with some level of UX experience, whether that is research work, internship, or school/volunteer project experience. Design portfolio containing at least two projects to demonstrate your skills, UX knowledge, and quality of work .Before applying for a job, you certainly need to be qualified to take on the role. You can acquire the necessary skills and knowledge by going through learning resources such as books, online courses, formal education degrees, or career bootcamps. The exact knowledge required for the job can vary depending on the company but expect to know most of the following: